006 . INSTITUTO ODISSEA
Located close to the harbor, the new cultural institution Film Institute Odissea sets to revive and bring new purpose to an abandoned industrial area of Cagliari. In the vicinity of this area, and in walking distance from the train station, multiple existing cultural institutions dedicated to the arts can be found. The „Film Institute Odissea“ can be seen as a continuation of existing institutions as well as an addition with new programe, set in an area which shows potential for growth and development, as well as a re-use for temporary functions. The Film Institute Odissea sets to incorporate functions and programe dedicated to the production of film and television as well as an academy for the studies of film and set design, along with a production house, a museum and cinemas.
Several existing cultural institutions (yellow) and university buildings (grey) can be found in or around the center and in close proxmity to the train station (blue) and harbour: the Teatro Massimo, the communal library, the European Institute of Design, as well as two spaces dedicated to cinema: the Cineteca Sarda and Cinema Spazio Odissea.
As a strategy for the chosen area of intervention, both an ‚adding of mass‘, as well as dealing with the existing structures and voids are seen as important steps to regenerate the area. One large hangar and three smaller ones will be re-used in the first step as the spaces for studio sets and backlots, workshops with machinery as well as ateliers for set design. Two new buildings will be added to the existing structures: a tower housing the film museum and cinemas, and a film academy which will be not only a space of eductaion but a public condenser, giving the students and as well as visitors and locals a place for indoor performances, a place of gathering and communication.
The intervention sets to revive not only the unused hangars of the site, but also the residual spaces in the back of the area facing the new highway loop. These spaces are largely void and untouched by any built structures, marked by disused railway tracks, concrete grounds and scattered greens patches. A „re-naturalization“ of the area seems necessary, even as a temporary intervention, as such reacting to the surrounding landscape while providing the possibility for a different development in the future.
The Film Institute Odissea, as the new culture hub and public condenser of Cagliari, sets to define a space without boundaries, sets to create urbanity without density.
Apart from the „re-naturalization“ of the existing grounds, an additional function dedicated more to the voids then the mass will be introduced: the Film Festival Odissea, a yearly film festival dedicated to student works as well as professional films, taking place in the gardens behind the 3 existing hangars. An additional smaller hangar will be kept, but stripped of its walls, leaving only the open structure to be used as a roof during the film festival and as a pavilion during the other months.
Arriving at the site from the harbour or train station, the main court acts as a focal point of circulation through the area and sets to bring together the ensemble of old and new buildings. The first new building of the site, the Film Academy, is defined as an open structure, creating passages to the rest of the site, circulation and permeability are key elements of the project. With a usable floor space of approx. 7’000 m2, the Academy building will offer the spaces and technologies for degree programs such as Animation, Cinematography, Digital Media Culture, Screenwriting / Dramaturgy, Film and Television Production, Film Heritage, Editing, Directing, Acting, Sound, Set Design / Production Design, as well as offices for the faculty and department, seminar rooms for lectures, and common spaces for events, which includes a large auditorium, a flexible performance and theater space equipped with a costume stock and props, and a grand hall as the public condenser.
The grand hall is one of the key spaces of the building, offering a space for gatherings, events and special performances. In addition to the new academy building, 3 existing hangars with a total of approx. 5’000 m2 will be re-used to provide the spaces for multiple film studios and sound stages, workshop facilities and machinery for set construction, prop creation and set design, as well as atelier spaces and smaller rehearsal stages.
A Production House for Film and Television, being in charge of budgeting, scheduling, scripting, the production itself, post-production, distribution, and marketing of films and television programs, will have its offices and spaces in the same building as the students, creating the possibility for interaction between the academic and economic aspects of cinema.
The large existing hangar adjacent to the new academy building and tower will be used by the Production House as film studios, sound stages and backlots dedicated to film and television. With a floor space of approx. 10’000 m2, it is big enough to incorporate large-scale sets and set constructions, as well as providing additional facilities for actors and crew members.